Today, many mothers after childbirth are often cared for by their family members based on the experience of their predecessors but forget that there are things that have been passed down from each other to the other. Even many women have many misconceptions about taking care of themselves after giving birth.
The following Eva would like to raise the basic and necessary knowledge when caring for pregnant women often for reference.
Maternity health care
Most women postpartum due to blood loss and consume about 200mg of iron. After birth, if not absorbed, supplementing the amount of iron that the mother has lost will cause iron deficiency leading to anemia. This causes many difficulties for the development of newborns during the suckling period.
Therefore, after giving birth, mothers need to eat a lot of iron-rich foods such as black wood ear, red apple, animal liver, red sugar, bean products.
After giving birth, mothers need more vitamins than during pregnancy to restore their original health, on the other hand, they can promote lactation, fully meet the baby’s development needs. to love.
Therefore, mothers need to add more vitamin-rich foods such as tomatoes, legumes, vegetables, radishes, … into their daily menu.
After giving birth each day the mother needs an additional heat of about 12,540 – 16,720 Kcal. So increasing the absorption of heat is essential.
Mothers can eat high-calorie foods such as rice, corn, goat meat, lean pork, beef …
Protein rich in amino acids, good for restoring organs. For new women, every day milk will consume 10 – 15g of protein. So the demand for protein of the new mother is always high, every day needs to absorb about 90 – 100g of protein.
Mothers should eat more eggs, meats, fish, legumes … These are high protein foods.
The addition of fat is important for women who are born. Because if the daily intake of fat less than 1g will reduce the amount of fat in breast milk, thus affecting the quality of milk for children feeding, which in turn affects the health of the newborn.
Some high-fat foods that moms should not ignore: chicken, pork leg, fish, …
A new born mother will consume about 300mg daily, if the amount of calcium is not provided adequately for the body, it will affect the health of the mother and newborn.
Therefore, during breastfeeding, it is best for mothers to eat foods rich in calcium such as algae, cow’s milk, seaweed, black sesame, … to supplement the calcium needed for both mother and mother. baby
Babies will sleep about 20 hours a day but they are intermittent sleep, each sleep can last from 1 to 4 hours.
Take advantage of sleeping with your baby when they are “drunk” no matter how busy the mother is. However, if you are a person who is very difficult to sleep and cannot sleep so quickly, ask a relative to look after your baby and give yourself a nap at a time that is really convenient during the day.
Women should not try to embrace everything, but share with people around them, especially the husband. Do not try to exhaustion, but know how to take care of your health to the best care for your child.
The bed should be arranged in a well-ventilated and quiet place. Do not use modern drugs such as Seduxel, Gardenal … to treat insomnia for mothers who often suffer from insomnia or prolonged insomnia, because these drugs all produce milk that adversely affects children.
For women to sleep easily, you can eat lotus seeds, stewed lotus root with meat, drink lotus tea or use herbs with sedative and easy to sleep effects.
After giving birth, pregnant women will see more fluid. This is the blood behind the vegetables. Usually in the first hour after birth, the blood can be up to 100ml, this time the woman should close the diaper. The following day can use normal sanitary napkins and should be regularly changed washing.
If the bleeding is too much, too quickly, pregnant women should immediately notify the doctor to avoid the risk of bleeding. If the pregnancy is completed, pregnant women see very little or no fluid. It should be noted because if the fluid does not drain, the uterus is difficult to shrink, causing postpartum infection, leading to the risk of sepsis.
Clean the vulva area at least 3 times a day in the morning, afternoon and evening before going to bed. If there is too much fluid produced, the woman should clean more times. The bandages, toilet paper, towels, wash water must also be clean, it is best to use cool boiled water or warm water.
Women can wash the whole body 3-4 days after birth. When taking a shower, take a quick shower for 5 – 10 minutes, do not take a bath in a tub or in a tub. Bathrooms must be air-tight and should be bathed in warm water whether it’s hot or cold. After showering, you must dry yourself quickly and wear tight clothes around your neck and arms.
Also 3-4 days after birth, women can wash their hair but should wash quickly and wipe the hair to dry quickly, preferably using a hair dryer to dry hair. Do not wash at the same time, so shower around 9-10 am and then wash your hair at noon or late afternoon to avoid prolonged exposure to water
After birth, the mother and baby need to be well kept warm. However, coal should not be used to keep warm because the exhaust gas when burning coal will easily cause poisoning for both mother and baby. Especially when in a closed chamber. Moreover, the use of charcoal can burn your baby by not being able to adjust the temperature of the charcoal.
Postpartum women are located in a room too tight and wearing a lot of clothes can be detrimental to both mother and baby.
Besides, both mother and baby need to be sunbathing every day to help their mother’s body recover and help their baby develop quickly. Ideally, the mother and baby should sunbathe before 8 o’clock, and should not sunbathe more than 30 minutes.
Be careful not to sunbathe behind the glass door as the glass prevents UV penetration. Scientists have also shown that ultraviolet rays have a disinfectant effect, so let sunlight into the room every day.
However, the woman’s body after giving birth is very weak, resistance is lower than normal. Therefore, do not be vigorous and should pay attention to keep warm than usual. The ideal temperature for both mom and baby in the bedroom is 25 degrees Celsius.
When pregnant in the last 3 months, women have begun to have colostrum. After giving birth about 2-3 days, pregnant women will have mature milk.
There are many people who will see an erect breast and mistakenly block milk rays. In fact, this phenomenon will go away after a few feedings.
Do not because that breast milk has not come yet. Let the baby bottle right away, which will lead to the baby being unfamiliar with breast milk, causing the mother to be irritated and unable to breastfeed.
In addition, to relieve immediate pain, mothers should take a shower under the shower, massage gently and squeeze gently in the brown areola.
If it hurts, you can use infrared light on each side for half an hour in combination with gentle massage. If sore nipples are caused by feeding or irritating, you can use pacifiers for support.
Things that women should avoid
The mother can eat according to the daily taste but should not eat salty, avoid spicy smells can affect the taste of breast milk, which makes the baby not feed such as onions, garlic, pepper, chili …
Limit cold foods and seafood in the first 6 weeks after giving birth.
Alcohol and stimulants should be avoided .
Avoid smoking, drinking alcohol, using laxatives, antibiotics, and drugs that can pass through breast milk . If the mother is exposed to toxins (pesticides, alcohol, cigarettes, lead gas …) or uses small molecular weight drugs. They can pass from the mother’s bloodstream into the milk and cause poisoning to the baby.
Should avoid applying diet to lose weight during lactation. Because there is a risk of insufficient amount of nutrients in the milk, making children deficient and underdeveloped.
Sitting a lot to breastfeed
The body of the newborn woman is still weak. Her bones have to undergo a fairly heavy “rehearsal” so she cannot return to normal status immediately. If you sit a lot, you will suffer from chronic back pain and may cause prolapse.
Use cotton wool in the ear for a long time
The mother may gradually lose the ability to listen and feel very tinnitus with the surrounding sound if stuffed cotton ear in the ear for a long time.
Lie cross-legged with each other together for the vagina to close
This position prevents the discharge from draining, which is not good for women. Correct posture is straight, legs close together.
Absolutely not burn coal in the room because coal gas can cause suffocation and brain poisoning.
Being afraid of being “close” to her husband
Many women, when having a baby, are too busy to take care of their children and distracting from “having sex” with their husbands is not recommended. Because the consequences of it are sometimes very unpredictable.